Everything You Need to Know About 5G

Everything You Need to Know About 5G

Jio, Airtel & Vodafone Idea have established 5G trials sites in metro cities like Gurugram, Bengaluru, Kolkata, Mumbai, Chandigarh, Delhi, Jamnagar, Ahmadabad, Chennai, Hyderabad, Lucknow, Pune, and Gandhi Nagar, DoT said.

The spectrum auctions are set to begin from March onwards, telecom companies and smartphone makers are all set to offer this technology also TRAI has released a detailed consultation paper on 5G auctions including the reserve price, bid mechanisms, and other charges.

What is 5G Technology?

5G is the 5th generation mobile network cellular technology. It is a generation of the mobile network after 4G networks. 5G enables a new kind of network that is designed to connect virtually everyone and everything together including machines, objects, and devices.

5G is designed to increase the speed also to reduce the latency and improve the flexibility of the wireless network, the peak speed of the 5G network is around 20 GBPS (Estimate) while the peak speed of 4G is only 1 GBPS.

Differences between the 1G, 2G, 3G, 4G LTE & 5G

Here, G stands for a generation of the mobile networks, whenever we connected to the internet, the speed of the internet connection depends on the signal strength and the network type.

1G:  1G was the first generation of cell phone technology, it was introduced in the late ’70s and established throughout the ’80s by Telstra (Telecom) and Australia received the first cellular mobile phone network.
It was based on analog technology (AMPS - Advanced Mobile Phone System, NMT- Nordic Mobile Telephone, and TACS - Total Access Communication System) with a frequency of 30 kHz with a bandwidth speed of 2 kbps. The access system was FDMA and the core network was PSTN (Public Switched Telephone Network).

2G:  2G was the second generation of mobile network and it was based on GSM (Global System for Mobile Communications) & CDMA (Code-Division Multiple Access). 2G allows multiple uses on a single channel via multiplexing.

2G was launched commercially in 1992 and the speed of 2G with General Packet Radio Service (GPRS) is 14.4 - 64 Kbps and 1 Mbps with Enhanced Data Rates for GSM Evolution with the frequency of 1.8 GHz. The access system was TDMA (Time Division Multiple Access) / CDMA (Code-Division Multiple Access) and the core network was PSTN (Public Switched Telephone Network).
2G provides the services of SMS and MMS (Multimedia Message) also provided a better quality of voice calls.

3G:  3G stands for the third generation, 3G standard utilize UMTS (Universal Mobile Telecommunication System), third-generation gives the standards for the wireless technology and we loved it by exploring the new things like web browsing, email, watching the video online and downloading, picture sharing and Smartphone era.
The goal of 3G was to provide better voice, data speed and increase the data transmission at a lower cost.
3G was introduced in 1990 and commercially launched in 2002 with WCDMA (Wideband Code Division Multiple Access), the frequency was 1.6 GHz to 2 GHz which provides 2 MBPS speed and the access system and core network was CDMA and Packet Network respectively. 3G increases the bandwidth and data transfer speed also allows the users to send and receive large files over the network.

4G:  4G stands for Fourth Generation of mobile network, it is very different technology as compared to 3G and 4G was made possible only because of huge advancements in the technology in last 10 years.
4G was introduced in 2000 and commercially launched in 2010 and 4G was based on (Multiple Input Multiple Output) and OFDM (Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing).

The most important 4G standards are WiMAX and LTE. The frequency was 2 GHz to 8 GHz which provides the speed of 20 MBPS or more and the access system and core network were CDMA and Internet respectively.
4G supports interactive media, voice, and video, it provides high speed, high capacity, and low cost and the network used Ad hoc and multi-hop networks.

5G:  5G stands for the fifth generation of mobile networks and it is under development. It provides higher connection density, faster data rates, much lower latency along better consumption.
Key technologies to look out for: Massive MIMO, Millimeter Wave Mobile Communications, etc. Massive MIMO, millimeter-wave, small cells, Li-Fi all the new technologies from the previous decade could be used to give 1 GBPS and higher to a user, with an unseen low latency, and allow connections for at least 100 billion devices.

5G affects the global economy?

As indicated by Qualcomm, by 2035 there will be around $12 trillion worth of 5G-related administrations, including crucial administrations, improved portable broadband, and gigantic IoT progressions. Also, enterprises like retail, medical care, training, transportation, and amusement.

Qualcomm predicts the 5G worth chain will produce up to $3.5 trillion in income in 2035, and support upwards of 22 million positions. Qualcomm likewise conjectures that 5G will help worldwide GDP development by $3 trillion aggregately from 2020 to 2035.

A report from PSB Research, which studied north of 3,500 individuals, including business choice pioneers, investigators, and tech lovers, tracked down that because of 5G:

91% expect new items and administrations that presently can't seem to be developed
87% anticipate that new enterprises should arise
82% anticipate independent company development and more worldwide rivalry
85% anticipate that it should make organizations all the more worldwide cutthroat
89% anticipate expanded efficiency

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